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The nonequilibrium transfer of the energy between electrons of counter-propagating quasi-one-dimensional systems has been perturbatively calculated for edge channels in a two-dimensional system in the integer quantum Hall effect. The processes involving two electrons that are allowed only in the system with disorder have been taken into account. Expressions for the cases of Coulomb scattering and transfer of nonequilibrium phonons have been obtained. The energy transferred per unit time has a quasi-threshold dependence on the degree of nonequilibrium of the hot channel. According to numerical estimates for electrons in GaAs, Coulomb scattering processes dominate in the energy transfer and the expected effect can be experimentally observed.
Using magnetocapacitance data in tilted magnetic fields, we directly determine the chemical potential jump in a strongly correlated two-dimensional electron system in silicon when the filling factor traverses the spin and the cyclotron gaps. The data yield an effective g-factor that is close to its value in bulk silicon and does not depend on filling factor. The cyclotron splitting corresponds to the effective mass that is strongly enhanced at low electron densities.
Comment: Mauterndorf Winterschool-2008 proceedings; as published
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