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Thin Co/Pd multilayers, with room temperature perpendicular anisotropy and an enhanced surface scattering, were studied for the possible use in the extraordinary Hall effect (EHE) - based magnetic memory devices. Polarity of the EHE signal was found to change from negative in thick samples to positive in thin ones. Reversal of EHE sign was also observed in thick samples with aging. The effect is argued to be related to the dominance of surface scattering having the EHE polarity opposite to that of the bulk.
We report on a proof-of-concept study of split-cell magnetic storage in which multi-bit magnetic memory cells are composed of several multilevel ferromagnetic dots with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Extraordinary Hall effect is used for reading the data. Feasibility of the approach is supported by realization of four-, eight- and sixteen- state cells.
Cumulative growth of successive minor hysteresis loops in Co/Pd multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy was studied in the context of time dependent magnetization reversal dynamics. We show that in disordered ferromagnets, where magnetization reversal involves nucleation, domains' expansion and annihilation, differences between the time dependencies of these processes are responsible for accumulation of nuclei for rapid domain expansion, for the asymmetry of forward and backward magnetization reversals and for the respective cumulative growth of hysteresis loops. Loops stop changing and become macroscopically reproducible when populations of upward and downward nucleation domains balance each other and the respective upward and downward reversal times stabilize.
Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev. B
We report on experimental studies of superconductor (Nb) - normal metal (Cu) - superconductor (Nb) junctions with dirty interfaces between the different materials. By using a set of simultaneously prepared samples, we investigated the thickness dependence as well as the temperature dependence of the critical currents in the junctions. Good agreement between the decay of the measured critical currents and theoretical calculations was obtained without any fitting parameters.
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