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Oestrogenic hormones were originally isolated from ovarian follicles and from placental tissue and were believed to occur only in female animals. Laqueur et al. (1927} observed, however, that extracts from human male urine caused vaginal cornification in spayed mice. This discovery of oestrogenic activity in urine from men was so unexpected, that the authors thought it necessary to state that there could be no doubt about the manliness of the subjects studied. One of the oestrogenic substances in human male urine was subsequently identified as oestrone (Dingemanse et al., 1938), while later on oestradiol and oestriol were also found to be present in urine from men (see: Diczfalusy & Lauritzen, 1961). Since then, the occurrence of oestrogens in the urine of male animals from several species has been described (see: Velle, 1966). However...
The gradual increase in follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) concentrations in women approaching menopause results from the depletion of the ovarian follicular pool, a process referred to as 'ovarian ageing'. This study investigates whether variable endogenous FSH concentrations, as have been observed in normo-ovulatory young women, are related to menstrual cycle characteristics, including predictors of ovarian ageing. Serum concentrations of immunoreactive FSH, oestradiol, and inhibin-A and inhibin-B were measured, and follicular growth was assessed by transvaginal ultrasound throughout the follicular phase in 39 healthy volunteers (20-35 years) with regular menstrual cycles. Median serum FSH concentration on cycle day 3 was 5.1 IU/l (ran...
Aromatase inhibitors effectively delay epiphysial maturation in boys and improve testosterone levels in adult men Therefore, aromatase inhibitors may be used to increase adult height in boys with gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty, idiopathic short stature and constitutional delay of puberty. Long-term efficacy and safety of the use of aromatase inhibitors has not yet been established in males, however, and their routine use is therefore not yet recommended.
It has been suggested that the programming of the endocrine axes occurs during critical phases of fetal development and will be affected by intrauterine growth retardation. As a result, children born small for gestational age (SGA) might have several hormonal disturbances. In later life, one of the questions that might arise is: Do short children born SGA have higher serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels than their peers? Therefore, we compared serum DHEAS levels of 181 short prepubertal children aged 3-9 yr born SGA [birth length (SD score) below -2 for gestational age] with a control group of 170 prepubertal age-matched, normal-statured children born appropriate for gestational age (birth length between -2 and +2 SD score). Because relatively high serum DHEAS ...
BACKGROUND: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), produced by growing pre-antral and early antral ovarian follicles, has been shown to be a useful marker for ovarian ageing. Serum AMH concentrations are elevated during reproductive life in anovulatory women, especially in those patients exhibiting polycystic ovaries (PCO). The current study was designed to investigate whether the decrease in AMH serum concentrations over time is different comparing women with normogonadotrophic anovulation [World Health Organization (WHO) group 2 (including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)] and normo-ovulatory controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: AMH serum levels were assessed on two occasions in 98 patients suffering from WHO 2 anovulatory infertility as well as in 41 normo-ovulatory premenopausal wo...
The objective of this study was to set up a superovulation protocol in adult cyclic rats by using recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH; Org32489). Good results were obtained by treatment with decreasing doses of rhFSH (2.5 to 0.5 IU) during the dioestrus period. The number of corpora lutea (CL) found in rats treated with this protocol was 43.5 +/- 3.4; this is more than three times the number in saline-treated control rats (13.0 +/- 0.4). Fertilization of oocytes after superovulation was as good as after normal ovulation in terms of number of 2-cell stage embryos found 2 days after mating. The absolute number of implantations was twice the number observed in saline-treated control rats (23.3 +/- 1.8 versus 10.6 +/- 0.5); therefore the number of implantations p...
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