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14 records were found.

abstractVirus-like particles were identified from the plasma of rabbits which developed pleural effusion disease after inoculation with different strains of Treponema pallidum. These particles were considered coronavirus-like on the basis of their size, morphology, and buoyant density. Clinical and pathological manifestations of pleural effusion disease, which is probably the same disease entity as rabbit cardiomyopathy, resembled those of feline infectious peritonitis which is caused by another probable member of the Coronaviridae family. Coronavirus-like particles also were demonstrated in the feces of rabbits which had been inoculated with a 450-nm fecal filtrate of rabbits which died from infectious intestinal disease.text
abstractCommercial rabies vaccines, used by veterinarians in the Netherlands, were collected for testing in the mouse potency test. Of the six vaccines tested, two were clearly below the minimal requirements for potency of 1.0 IU. Of these six vaccines the rabies virus glycoprotein (GP) and nucleoprotein (NP) contents were determined in an antigen competition ELISA. The GP content proved to correlate well with the potency found in the mouse potency test (r = 0.95, p < 0.01), whereas no such correlation was found for the NP content (r approximately 0, p > 0.05). After the manufacturers were told about the results, one of the two vaccines that did not comply with the requirements was withdrawn from the market. Measurement of the GP content of a second lot of the remaining vaccines indicated that sufficiently high levels of GP were presen...
abstractAn enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection and quantification of IgM and IgG serum antibodies to mouse polyomavirus (MPV). To evaluate the potential of this ELISA for the screening of laboratory rodents, serum samples from specific pathogen free (SPF) BALB/c RIVM mice, collected after experimental intraperitoneal infection with MPV, were tested by this assay. The results were compared with those obtained from the same sera in an immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and a haemagglutination inhibition assay (HIA). The ELISA proved to be the most sensitive of the 3 assays, allowing the detection of seropositive animals within 7 days post-infection and giving antibody titres that were about 4 to 8 times higher than those found in the IFA and HIA respectively. More than 5000 serum samples from non-infecte...
abstractLymphocyte hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies against different strains of polio virus type 1, 2, or 3 have been produced. For this purpose Balb/C mice were immunized with purified and inactivated virus suspensions and their splenocytes were fused with P3X63Ag8 mouse myeloma cells. Screening for antibody production was performed in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Antibodies were produced either in cell culture or in Balb/C mice by passaging the hybridomas as solid or ascitic tumors, after they had been cloned at least three times by limiting dilutions in microtiter plates. Specificities of a number of these monoclonal antibodies were determined in the ELISA and in a neutralization test using different polio virus subtypes. The results indicate that for epidemiological studies monoclonal antibodies may prov...
abstractThe use of a density gradient procedure for the quantification of intact, inactivated poliovirus particles in vaccine preparations is described. The procedure is both sensitive and highly reproducible and the results correlate with those of potency tests in rats and with D-antigen content as measured by ELISA. Because of the occasional ambiguity observed with D-antigen assays, it is suggested that the density gradient procedure will provide valuable additional information for the in vitro assessment of inactivated poliovirus preparations.text
abstractTwo independent outbreaks of ectromelia in mice occurred in The Netherlands. In both cases, the causative virus was isolated and identified as ectromelia virus on the basis of serology, demonstration of antigen by indirect immunofluorescence, negative contrast electron microscopy, morphology of lesions on chorioallantoic membranes of embryonated chicken eggs, and cytopathogenicity for mouse cells. Inoculation of the virus into the dermis of rabbits demonstrated a low virulence for this species.text
abstractA monoclonal antibody directed against bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been developed and used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) system for the detection of BSA in virus vaccines. The results correlated well with those obtained with a counter current electrophoresis system which has been employed routinely for this purpose. The ELISA was slightly more sensitive and more readily applicable to the screening of large numbers of samples but could not be used in the presence of certain stabilizers.text
abstractTwenty 5-fluorouracil-induced temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of mouse hepatitis virus strain A59 were isolated from 1284 virus clones. Mutants were preselected on the basis of their inability to induce syncytia in infected cells at the restrictive temperature (40 degrees) vs the permissive temperature (31 degrees). Of these mutants, only those with a relative plating efficiency 40 degrees/31 degrees of 3 x 10(-3) or smaller were kept. Virus yields at 40 degrees compared to 37 degrees and 31 degrees (leakiness) were determined. Most mutants (16) were RNA-, i.e., unable to synthesize virus-specific RNA at the restrictive temperature. The other four were RNA+. No qualitative differences were detected in the virus-specific RNAs in cells infected with RNA+ ts-mutants, both at 31 degrees and 40 degrees. Virus-specific proteins pr...
abstractA panel of 10 monoclonal antibodies raised to 3 different poliovirus type 1 strains was tested in a micro-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and in a micro-neutralization test against 87 poliovirus type 1 strains. The results, evaluated in a newly developed system for intratypic strain characterization, were compared with the results obtained with the classical sero-differentiation system by using a small number of strain-specific, cross-absorbed antisera. The new system not only uses results obtained with strain-specific antibody preparations, but also uses the information obtained with monoclonal antibodies reacting with less unique antigenic determinants. In a theoretical pattern fitting computer program, each virus strain could be compared with all the other strains for which serological data were stored in the memory of the...
abstractThis report describes the first isolation and partial characterization of a herpesvirus from the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The virus was isolated during a disease outbreak in a group of young seals nursed in a seal orphanage in The Netherlands. Almost half of the seals died with symptoms of acute pneumonia and focal hepatitis and the virus was isolated of organs of most of the dead animals. Seven out of ten seals of which paired serum samples were obtained showed seroconversion in a virus neutralization test during this outbreak. The virus was tentatively characterized as a herpesvirus (seal herpesvirus: SeHV or phocid herpesvirus 1) on the basis of its characteristic morphology in electron microscopy, buoyant density in sucrose, sensitivity to ether and heat treatment and its antigenic relationship with other probable memb...
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