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We have completed the analysis of observations of the Coma cluster and are continuing analysis of A1367 both of which are shown to be merging clusters. Also, we are analyzing observations of the Centaurus cluster which we see as a merger based in both its temperature and surface brightness distributions. Attachment: Another collision for the coma cluster.
We have applied a wavelet transform analysis to quantify the small-scale (less than a few arcminutes) X-ray structure of clusters of galaxies to several clusters. Three of these clusters show interesting structure. In addition to the small scale structure in surface brightness, we have searched for temperature structure using Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA) observations. For A754, we find a filamentary structure, similar to that previously detected in A85. For A119, we find small scale structure associated with both cool and hot regions with a hot filament extending to the northeast. For A1750, one of the first clusters to show substructure from Einstein, we have a rederived the substructure from the ROSAT observations. The ASCA observations show a hot region between the two small scale features - sub-clusters....
Spectrum-X-Gamma (SXG) provides for US participation in a first-class international x-ray mission. Despite launch delays, SXG will provide unique scientific opportunities due to its capability for all-sky monitoring, polarimetry, high resolution spectroscopy, and broad wavelength range-from the ultraviolet (TAUVEX and FUVITA), through the x-ray (SODART and JET-X), to the hard x-ray (MART), and gamma-ray burst detectors. Before describing our completed work, we review the unique properties of SXG and provide some examples of the scientific importance of SXG in the Chandra, XMM, and ASTRO-E era.
Cluster mass distributions were suggested to be universal based on previous X-ray observations and numerical simulations. Chandra observations are able to test this universal distribution. We will present results of Chandra observations which suggest that the universal mass profile is correct.
We have completed our analysis of the temperature structure of clusters of galaxies. The next to last paper to be supported by this project has been published in the Astrophysical Journal. The analysis for the final paper is nearly complete, but has been delayed by the high priority demands of Chandra Mission Planning and Chandra Calibration which have required more than the expected amount of work by Forman and Donnelly. For this paper, a final check of the 55 member cluster sample identified several clusters for which X-ray luminosities are needed. We also verified the ASCA analysis and the novel method we use for the derivation of the temperature maps against XMM-Newton observations for a few clusters which are publicly available in the XMM-Newton archives We find excellent agreement. This final paper is expected to be submitted by ...
We have progressed on our analysis of the temperature structure of clusters of galaxies. This report addresses the following areas: (1) merging clusters; (2) mass distributions; (3) temperature structures of clusters.
We have been carrying forward a program to confront X-ray observations of clusters and their evolution as derived from X-ray observatories with observations of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR). In addition to the material covered in our previous reports (including three published papers), most recently we have explored the effects of a cosmological constant on the predicted Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect from the ensemble of clusters. In this report we summarize that work from which a paper will be prepared.
Spectrum-X Gamma (SXG) is a world-class, orbiting astronomical observatory, with capabilities for all-sky monitoring, polarimetry, and high resolution spectroscopy, and wavelength coverage extending from the ultraviolet (TAUVEX and FUVITA), through the x-ray (SODART and JET-X), to the hard x-ray (MART), and gamma-ray (SPIN) regimes. SXG is a multi-national mission developed under the sponsorship of the Russian Academy of Sciences, with participation from several European countries and the U.S. The U.S. involvement in SXG includes both instrumentation and data rights. The U.S. Spectrum X Gamma Coordination Facility (SXGCF) supports U.S. observers in proposing for SXG SODART observations, analyzing SXG data, and conducting archival research. The SXGCF also has the responsibility for organizing the U.S. archive of SXG data, which will eve...
We studied galaxy clusters Abell 119, Abell 754, and Abell 1750, using data from the ASCA and ROSAT satellites. In addition, we completed the paper "Merging Binary Clusters". In this paper we study three prominent bi-modal X-ray clusters: A3528, A1750 and A3395. Since the sub-clusters in these systems have projected separations of 0.93, 1.00 and 0.67 Mpc respectively, we examine their X-ray and optical observations to investigate the dynamics and possible merging of these sub-clusters. Using data taken with ROSAT and ASCA, we analyze the temperature and surface brightness distributions. We also analyze the velocity distributions of the three clusters using new measurements supplemented with previously published data. We examined both the overall cluster properties as well as the two sub-cluster elements in each. These results were then...
We have analyzed observations for two lensing clusters of galaxies, A1689 and A2218. Our investigations have explored the implications of their X-ray properties for mass determinations both in X-rays and through both weak and strong gravitational lensing. The work on these two clusters is summarized below and copies of the two papers submitted to the Astrophysical Journal and accepted for publication are attached.
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