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Comment: Invited review at conference "AGN Physics with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey"
I review recent studies of the emission-line regions in Orion and M17. Both have similar geometries, a bubble of hot shocked gas surrounding the central star cluster, with H^+, H^0, and H_2 regions, often referred to as H II regions, PDRs, and molecular clouds, forming successive shells on the surface of a molecular cloud. The magnetic fields in the H^0 regions have been measured with 21 cm Zeeman polarization and are found to be 1 -- 2 dex stronger than the field in the diffuse ISM. The regions appear to be in rough hydrostatic equilibrium. The H^+ region is pushed away from the star cluster by starlight radiation pressure. Since most starlight is in ionizing radiation, most of its outward push will act on the H^+ region and then on to the H^0 region. The magnetic pressure in the H^0 region balances the momentum in starlight and tog...
Comment: Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxies and Their Place in the Universe (NLS1 Milan, Italy)
Comment: Atomic processes in plasmas - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Atomic processes in plasmas (2011) Edited by: KM Aggarwal and SFC Shearer (AIP)
Comment: review from Quasars & Cosmology, ASP 162, Ferland & Baldwin, editors
Comment: Invited Review for 1997 Ringberg Orion Complex Meeting
Comment: To appear in the 1999 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 47 pages, 13 figures (3-6 and 12 not embedded)
Optical spectrophotometry of PW Vulpeculae (Nova Vul 1984 no. 1) is combined with ultraviolet data to estimate electron temperatures, densities, and abundances in the ejecta of this slow classical nova. The reddening, distance, and evolution of the ultraviolet spectrum are also discussed. Abundances are nearly solar, with the exception of Nitrogen, which is substantially higher. Although Neon has been reported to be enhanced in several novae, it does not seem to be the case for PW Vul. Photoionization model calculations are presented of the ejecta that give a reasonable match of the observed emission spectrum. A strong featureless continuum shows that very hot, presumably shock heated, gas plays a major role in determining the energetics of this nova. Emission from this hot gas is responsible for the ionization of the nebular gas. A ca...
A large-scale code called Cloudy was designed to simulate non-equilibrium plasmas and predict their spectra. The goal was to apply it to studies of galactic and extragalactic emission line objects in order to reliably deduce abundances and luminosities. Quasars are of particular interest because they are the most luminous objects in the universe and the highest redshift objects that can be observed spectroscopically, and their emission lines can reveal the composition of the interstellar medium (ISM) of the universe when it was well under a billion years old. The lines are produced by warm (approximately 10(sup 4)K) gas with moderate to low density (n less than or equal to 10(sup 12) cm(sup -3)). Cloudy has been extended to include approximately 10(sup 4) resonance lines from the 495 possible stages of ionization of the lightest 30 ele...
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