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Comment: Submitted on behalf of EDA Publishing Association (http://irevues.inist.fr/EDA-Publishing)
A formal synthesis of didehydrostemofoline and isodidehydrostemofoline has been accomplished by preparing an intermediate in the Overman synthesis of these alkaloids from commercially available 2-deoxy-D-ribose. The work presented in this account chronicles the evolution of our explorations to identify the optimal steric and electronic control elements necessary to generate the tricyclic core structure of these alkaloids in a single operation from an acyclic precursor. The key step in the synthesis is a novel dipolar cycloaddition cascade sequence that is initiated by cyclization of a rhodium-derived carbene onto the nitrogen atom of a proximal imine group to generate an azomethine ylide that then undergoes spontaneous cyclization via dipolar cycloaddition. The synthesis features several other interesting reactions, including a Boord e...
Cancer gene therapy requires tumor-specific delivery and expression of a transgene to maximize antitumor efficacy and minimize side effects. In this study, we developed a new tumor-targeting, homologous recombination-based adenovirus vector system, HRAVS. HRAVS is composed of two adenovirus vectors, Ad.CMV.IR containing reverse sequence (IR) and a CMV promoter and Ad.IR.EGFP comprising the report gene EGFP and IR. For improved viral DNA replication and transgene expression, the E1a gene was added to HRAVS to generate the enhanced HRAVS, EHRAVS, which consists of Ad.CMV.IR and Ad.IR.EGFP/E1a. The optimal vector composition ratio of Ad.CMV.IR to Ad.IR.EGFP or Ad.IR.EGFP/E1a was identified as 30:70 based on EGFP expression efficiency in tumor cells. The transgene expression of HRAVS and EHRAVS was efficiently and specifically activated in...
[[abstract]]This study presents a novel CMOS accelerometer with four sensing finger arrays. Moreover, additional springs are also employed for electrical routing. The sensing capacitance is increased for 80%, at the cost of the decreasing of proof mass for 20%. Thus, the sensitivity of the present accelerometer is still increased for near 44%. The measurement results show that the present accelerometer has a gain of 2.94 mV/g.
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