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The aim of the present study was to examine the contribution of permissive and responsive parenting behavior to empathic behavior in children and to investigate the moderating effect of sensory processing sensitivity on these relationships. A total of 280 Dutch children (51.2% boys, M = 4.8 years) participated in this study. Data were gathered using web-based questionnaires filled in by the primary caregiver, to assess child temperament, parenting and child adjustment. We expected that permissive parenting behavior would predict lower levels of empathy, especially among children high on sensory processing sensitivity. However, results did not support these hypotheses: No such associations were found. We also expected that responsive parenting behavior would predict higher levels of empathy, especially among children high on sensory pro...
Although great effort has been spent on studying the effects of parenting on child development, much less research has focused on factors that predict individual differences in parental investment. In this dissertation, an evolutionary psychological perspective was used to identify characteristics in children that stimulate their parents and grandparents into giving them the care, attention, and emotional support they need. From an evolutionary perspective, parental investment is a means of optimizing the reproductive success of the parent. Parental investment was defined by Trivers (1972) as “any investment by the parent in an individual offspring that increases the offspring’s chance of surviving (and hence reproductive success) at the cost of the parent’s ability to invest in other offspring”. So defined, parental investment is limi...
The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the determinants of sexual violence among Eastern Ethiopia secondary school students. To this end, we studied risk and protective factors for both sexual violence perpetration and victimization, and the moderating role of protective factors on the relation between risk factors and sexual violence perpetration and victimization. Accordingly, we found 70% of the young men perpetrating and 68% of the young women experiencing at least one instance of sexual violence. We have also found, about 56% of the young men have perpetrated and 52% of the young women have experienced sexual offense (verbal remarks, etc), and 62% of the young men have perpetrated and 56% of the young women have experienced sexual assault (unwanted, non-coital physical contact). About 38% of the young men have perpetr...
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