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A novel type of Cherenkov ring imaging particle identification system (DIRC) based on the detection of ring images produced in long, fused silica radiator bars is being used to provide hadronic particle identification in the BABAR detector at PEP-II. The DIRC concept, design, fabrication, and initial performance will be briefly described. The DIRC is now fully commissioned, and has been operating in the BABAR detector on beam line at the PEP-II B Factory since late Spring 1999.
A dedicated particle identification system based on the Detection of Internally Reflected Cherenkov (DIRC) light will be used in the BaBar detector. We provide an overview of the DIRC concept, design, and expected performance of the production device and a status report on its construction and commissioning. The DIRC is expected to be operating in the BaBar detector on beam line at the PEP-II B Factory in late spring 1999.
A new type of ring-imaging Cherenkov detector is being used for hadronic particle identification in the BABAR experiment at the SLAC B Factory (PEP-II). This detector is called DIRC, an acronym for Detection of Internally Reflected Cherenkov (Light). This paper will discuss the construction, operation and performance of the BABAR DIRC in detail.
We present measurements of branching fractions and CP-violating asymmetries for neutral B meson decays to two-body final states of charged pions and kaons based on a sample of about 88 million Y(4S)-->BB decays. From a time-independent fit we measure the charge-averaged branching fractions B(B0-->pi+pi-) = (4.7 +/- 0.6 +/- 0.2) x 10^-6, B(B0-->K+pi-) = (17.9 +/- 0.9 +/- 0.7) x 10^-6, and the direct CP-violating charge asymmetry A(Kpi) = -0.102 +/- 0.050 +/- 0.016; [-0.188,-0.016], where the ranges in square brackets indicate the 90% confidence intervals. From a time-dependent fit we measure the B0-->pi+pi- CP-violating parameters Spipi = 0.02 +/- 0.34 +/- 0.05; [-0.54,+0.58] and Cpipi = -0.30 +/- 0.25 +/- 0.04; [-0.72,+0.12].
We present results of a search for $D^0$-$\kern 0.2em\bar{\kern -0.2em D}{}^0$~mixing and a measurement of $R_{\rm D}$, the ratio of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decays to Cabibbo-favored decays, based on an analysis of $D^0 \to K^{+}\pi^{-}$ decays in 57.1~${fb}^{-1}$ of data collected at or just below the $\Upsilon{(4S)}$ resonance with the {\slshape BABAR} detector at the PEP-II collider. Our results are compatible with no mixing and no $CP$ violation. At the 95% C.L., allowing for CP violation, we find the mixing parameters ${x^{\prime}}^2<0.0022$ and $-0.056
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