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This article discusses the spin-torque effect in a spin-valve made out of two ferromagnetic leads connected through a coherent nanoconductor (NC), in the limit where a single channel of the NC lies near the Fermi energy of the leads. Due to quantum interferences inside the NC, the spin-torque presents clear qualitative differences with respect to the case of a multichannel disordered spin-valve. In particular, it can be modulated with the NC gate voltage. In principle, this modulation can be observed experimentally, assuming that the spin-torque affects a ferromagnetic nano-domain in direct contact with the NC.
Comment: To appear in Physical Review Letters
Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures
We theoretically propose a scheme for a spin quantum bit based on a double quantum dot contacted to ferromagnetic elements. Interface exchange effects enable an all electric manipulation of the spin and a switchable strong coupling to a superconducting coplanar waveguide cavity. Our setup does not rely on any specific band structure and can in principle be realized with many different types of nanoconductors. This allows to envision on-chip single spin manipulation and read-out using cavity QED techniques.
Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures, to appear in Phys. Rev. B
Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, revised version, to appear in Phys. Rev. Lett
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