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FePt nanoparticles are known to exhibit reduced L1$_0$ order with decreasing particle size. The reduction in order reduces the magnetic anisotropy and the thermal stability of the direction of magnetization of the particle. The phenomenon is addressed by investigating the thermodynamic driving forces for surface segregation using a local (inhomogeneous) cluster expansion fitted to ab initio data which accurately represents interatomic interactions in both the bulk and surface regions. Subsequent Monte Carlo simulations reveal that first surface layer Pt segregation is compensated by Pt depletion in the second subsurface layer. This indicates that the core's ordered state is not affected by surface thermodynamics as much as previously thought. Thus, the weak ordering experimentally observed is likely not due to fundamental thermodynam...
FePt nanoparticles are known to exhibit reduced L1_0 order with decreasing particle size. The phenomenon is addressed by investigating the thermodynamic driving forces for surface segregation using a local (inhomogeneous) cluster expansion fit to ab initio data. Subsequent Monte Carlo simulations reveal that first surface layer Pt segregation is compensated by Pt depletion in the second subsurface layer. This indicates that the core’s ordered state is not affected by surface thermodynamics as much as previously thought.
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