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Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in Physical Review Letters
Comment: Manuscript (5 pages, 3 figures) and supplementary material (8 pages, 9 figures); v2 includes additional supplementary material and references; to be published in Phys. Rev. Lett
A two dimensional electron system without spatial inversion symmetry develops a sample specific dc voltage when exposed to a microwave radiation at low temperature. We investigate this photovoltaic (PV) effect, in the case where spatial symmetry is broken by an evanescent high-frequency potential. We measure the induced PV voltage in a ${\rm GaAs/Ga_{1-x}Al_{x}As}$ Hall bar at magnetic fields in the Tesla range. We find that in this regime the induced PV voltage is anti-symmetric with magnetic field, and exhibits regular Shubnikov-de Haas like oscillations. Our experimental results can be understood from a simple model, which describes the effect of stationary orbital currents caused by microwave driving.
Comment: 13 pages including supplementary information, Nature Physics in print
Comment: To be published in PRL, 10 pages including supplementary material
The chiral edge channels in the quantum Hall regime are considered ideal ballistic quantum channels, and have quantum information processing potentialities. Here, we demonstrate experimentally, at filling factor 2, the efficient tuning of the energy relaxation that limits quantum coherence and permits the return toward equilibrium. Energy relaxation along an edge channel is controllably enhanced by increasing its transmission toward a floating ohmic contact, in quantitative agreement with predictions. Moreover, by forming a closed inner edge channel loop, we freeze energy exchanges in the outer channel. This result also elucidates the inelastic mechanisms at work at filling factor 2, informing us in particular that those within the outer edge channel are negligible.
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