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Comment: 30 pages, 9 figures, for "Quantum Noise", edited by Yu. V. Nazarov and Ya. M. Blanter (Kluwer)
Comment: 23 pages + 4 figures, revtex, IBM-RC19557
The currents at the terminals of a mesoscopic conductor are evaluated in the presence of slowly oscillating potentials applied to the contacts of the sample. The need to find a charge and current conserving solution to this dynamic current partition problem is emphasized. We present results for the electro-chemical admittance describing the long range Coulomb interaction in a Hartree approach. For multiply connected samples we discuss the symmetry of the admittance under reversal of an Aharonov-Bohm flux.
A brief overview is presented of recent work which investigates the time-dependent relaxation of charge and its spontaneous fluctuations on mesoscopic conductors in the proximity of gates. The leading terms of the low frequency conductance are determined by a capacitive or inductive emittance and a dissipative charge relaxation resistance. The charge relaxation resistance is determined by the ratio of the mean square dwell time of the carriers in the conductor and the square of the mean dwell time. The contribution of each scattering channel is proportional to half a resistance quantum. We discuss the charge relaxation resistance for mesoscopic capacitors, quantum point contacts, chaotic cavities, ballistic wires and for transport along edge channels in the quantized Hall regime. At equilibrium the charge relaxation resistance also d...
A discussion of recent work on time-dependent transport in mesoscopic structures is presented. The discussion emphasizes the use of time-dependent transport to gain information on the charge distribution and its collective dynamics. We discuss the RC-time of mesoscopic capacitors, the dynamic conductance of quantum point contacts and dynamic weak localization effects in chaotic cavities. We review work on adiabatic quantum pumping and photon-assisted transport, and conclude with a list which demonstrates the wide range of problems which are of interest.
The local Larmor clock is used to derive a hierarchy of local densities of states. At the bottom of this hierarchy are the partial density of states for which represent the contribution to the local density of states if both the incident and outgoing scattering channel are prescribed. On the next higher level is the injectivity which represents the contribution to the local density of states if only the incident channel is prescribed regardless of the final scattering channel. The injectivity is related by reciprocity to the emissivity of a point into a quantum channel. The sum of all partial density of states or the sum of all injectivities or the sum of all emissivities is equal to the local density of states. The use of the partial density of states is illustrated for a number of different electron transport problems in mesoscopic...
Comment: 6 pages including 2 figures -- Two appendices contain material that is not in the Journal version: A) Derivation of the fluctuation relation; B) Symmetry point of the generating function
Pumping of charge in phase-coherent mesoscopic systems due to the out-of-phase modulation of two parameters has recently found considerable interest. We investigate the effect of inelastic processes on the adiabatically pumped current through a two terminal mesoscopic sample. We find that the loss of coherence does not suppress the pumped charge but rather an additional physical mechanism for an incoherent pump effect comes into play. In a fully phase incoherent system the pump effect is similar to a rectification effect.
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