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Abstract The equilibrium of aqueous D-glucaric acid was investigated via Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The NMR spectra of all four species (D-glucaric acid, D-glucaro-1,4-lactone, D-glucaro-6,3- lactone and D-glucaro-1,4;6,3-lactone) were assigned. A 1H NMR spectroscopy method was developed to investigate the kinetics of equilibration of the starting species (D-glucaro-1,4-lactone and D-glucaro-1,4;6,3-dilactone). The equilibration was investigated under neutral conditions as well as conditions with increasing acidity. Each experiment set contained 50-100 1HNMR spectroscopy experiments that were run on the same sample using a program that built in delays. Dimethyl sulfoxide was used as an internal standard, and its signal size was used as a scale to report the changes in relative concentration of the four species t...
Since its arrival in New Zealand the clover root weevil (Sitona lepidus (syn. flavescens) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (CRW) has caused serious damage to New Zealand???s agricultural sector. The introduction of the biocontrol agent, Microctonus aethiopoides has caused a significant reduction in the population of CRWs. During their research on the CRW, AgResearch scientists discovered that the abdominal fat body and lipids present in the haemolymph in adult CRW varied with season, sex, insect age and parasitism. Parasitism has been reported to change the lipid composition of other species of insects. The purpose of the present study was to compare the chemical composition of the lipids present in parasitised and non-parasitised CRW adults, and determine how these lipids change with physiological state and parasitoid development. The ...
The title molecule, [Co3(C2H3)(C5H9N)3(CO)6] or [Co3(3-CCH3)(CNtBu)3(CO)6], lies on a threefold rotation axis. The three isonitrile ligands each occupy an equatorial site on each of the three Co atoms. The average Co-Co bond length is 2.4769 (6) Å. The tert-butyl groups are disordered over two orientations, with site occupancies of ca 0.6:0.4.
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