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The year 2005 provided the 65th anniversary of the first official publication on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) (Hathaway aud McKinley, 1940). There are comparatively few psychological tests which continue to be in current clinical use from their original development. This length of use of a psychological test has few rivals. It is predated by some decades by the introduction of the Rorschach and the Stanford Binet and is roughly equal in age to the series of intelligence and memory tests that were begun by David Wechsler during the same period of time in the late 1930s. As with the Wechsler and Binet scales, and unlike the Rorschach, the venerable MMPI has undergone recent development and change, albeit not on as regular schedule or as extensive change as has been the case with the Wechsler scales. Since its in...
The year 2005 provided the 65th anniversary of the first official publication on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) (Hathaway aud McKinley, 1940). There are comparatively few psychological tests which continue to be in current clinical use from their original development. This length of use of a psychological test has few rivals. It is predated by some decades by the introduction of the Rorschach and the Stanford Binet and is roughly equal in age to the series of intelligence and memory tests that were begun by David Wechsler during the same period of time in the late 1930s. As with the Wechsler and Binet scales, and unlike the Rorschach, the venerable MMPI has undergone recent development and change, albeit not on as regular schedule or as extensive change as has been the case with the Wechsler scales. Since its in...
State-trait research offers good prospects for new insights into human curiosity. It has already generated development of new scales, and several studies have been undertaken independently in Australia and the United States. This paper critically reviews the development of state [C-State] and trait [C-Trait] curiosity scales, pointing out methodological limitations in the existing state-trait curiosity studies. Specific recommendations are made with the aim of enhancing future research in this area.
A recent higher-order factor analysis of the Cattell, Comrey and Eysenck personality scales by Noller, Law and Comrey (1987) in the J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 53, 775–782 provided a useful account of the number and nature of normal personality-type dimensions measured within the questionnaire, self-report domain. The analyses reported were based on an exemplary sample of Australian adults, matched carefully across sex, age, and social class, thereby providing a sound basis for investigating personality structure. Noller et al. extracted and rotated seven separate factors using procedures suggested by Comrey (A First Course in Factor Analysis. Academic Press, New York, 1973), thereby attaining moderate approximation of the final rotated solution to maximum simple structure. In an attempt to improve on the approximation to simple structure...
Two of the best multivariate mood-state scales are the Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV) and the Eight State Questionnaire (8SQ). Both instruments purportedly measure several different fundamental emotions. In many situations. though the measurement of numerous different mood states may be somewhat time-consuming and inefficient. As fundamental emotions are at the Cattellian source-state level. it would seem useful to elucidate secondary factors at the Eysenckian typological level of analysis. Clearly. a smaller set of mood-type factors would provide greater economy of measurement and administration time. Moreover, delimitation of secondary factors should add to the usefulness and flexibility of the two instruments. The present paper reports a higher-order scale dR-factoring of the 8SQ and DES-1V instruments on a sample of 212 under...
Extract: The Halstead Category Test (HCT) is burdened by excessive length and time of administration. Since it is included in the Halstead-Reitan neurophyschological test battery, and utilized by Russell, Neuringer & Goldsteiin (1970) in their 'key approach', a short form would useful.
The term ‘internal consistency’ has been used extensively in classical psychometrics to refer to the reliability of a scale based on the degree of within-scale item intercorrelation, as measured by say the split-half method, or more adequately by Cronbach's (1951) (Psychometrika, 16, 297–334) alpha, as well as the KR20 and KR21 coefficients. This term is a misnomer, as a high estimate of internal item consistency/item homogeneity may also suggest a high level of item redundancy, wherein essentially the same item is rephrased in several different ways.
Extract:Report order was investigated using tachistoscopically exposed random letter arrays. No significant interaction between report order and position of fixation point was found, despite significant main efiects for both variables. For right-to-left report order, recognition was superior in theRVF under bilateral presentation, and in the LVF under unilateral presentation. Whereas "sequential scanning" could not account for the findings, a combination of cerebral dominance and forgetting during report did provide a satisfactory explanation of the data. Hence, considerable doubt was cast on Heron's (1957) directional "post-perceptual scanning" hypothesis
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