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In this paper, we present a top down approach for integrated process modelling and distributed process execution. The integrated process model can be utilized for global monitoring and visualization and distributed process models for local execution. Our main focus in this paper is the presentation of the approach to support automatic generation and linking of distributed process models from an integrated process definition.
This paper addresses the problem of mapping business contract conditions onto the messages and rules that represent service interactions in a collaborative business process. We describe why this mapping is not straightforward by means of an example. We then consider a message-driven process language as a target for the mapping and use this mapping solution to discuss broad range of problems related to the mapping problem.
A technique has been developed for removing atmospheric effects from high-resolution remotely sensed 0.7-2.5-micron spectral data. This calibration technique relies solely on the raw spectra data for calibration information. Results are presented for a set of reflectance spectra for rock samples obtained at a distance of about 0.5 km using an InSb spectrophotometer. The calibration technique uses the depths of water-vapor absorption bands in the remotely obtained spectral data to estimate the degree to which atmospheric attenuation has affected these data.
The capability of some current remote sensing instruments to discriminate and identify geologic materials based on spectral reflectance in the visible and near-IR (0.4-2.6 microns) are studied. Laboratory reflectance spectra of selected geologic materials were convolved to the bandpasses of the Landsat 4 Thematic Mapper and the Shuttle Multispectral InfraRed Radiometer. As a secondary goal, spectral parameters which are particularly useful for exploring specific geological problems have been identified, as a guide both to the design of future sensors having a limited number of bandpasses, as well as to aid efficient analysis of large three-dimensional data sets returned by imaging spectrometers.
Altitude data derived from the 12.6 cm radar measurements obtained at JPL's Goldstone Facility were used to explore the utility of this type of regional analysis and to develop criteria for the interpretation of hypsometric data for planets where no visual images are available. Examination of the radar-derived hypsogram for Mars shows that the unimodal distribution of elevations contains several second order peaks and is skewed toward a modal elevation of about 3.5 km above the 6.1 mb datum. Individual topographic features can be recognized from this hypsogram, but such interpretations are based on the known surface morphology that has been determined from spacecraft images. It is not yet known how, for example, cratered terrain, regional slopes or other morphological features could be identified using the hypsogram if no images were a...
The utility of LANDSAT Multispectral Scanner (MSS) and Thematic Mapper (TM) data for providing regional coverage has been demonstrated. Information derived from LANDSAT spectral data is varied, but has primarily been used for distinguishing materials in a scene. Because of the limited number and width of the MSS and TM bands, LANDSAT data has only limited utility for actual identification of materials. The new advanced sensors (currently airborne, but eventually shuttle-based) have more limited areal extent than LANDSAT, but greater spatial and spectral resolution. The Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (AIS) has spectral resolution of about .01 microns and, typically, has 10m/pixel spatial resolution. This improved spectral resolution means that diagnostic spectral features may now be identified, which in turn means that actual identificat...
Using infrared spectroscopy, we investigate bottom gated ABA-stacked trilayer graphene subject to an additional environment-induced p-type doping. We find that the Slonczewski-Weiss-McClure tight-binding model and the Kubo formula reproduce the gate voltage-modulated reflectivity spectra very accurately. This allows us to determine the charge densities and the potentials of the {\pi}-band electrons on all graphene layers separately and to extract the interlayer permittivity due to higher energy bands.
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