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Comment: 11 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A
mdm2 encodes for an E3 ubiquitin ligase targeting constitutively expressed p53 for proteasomal degradation. Several protein isoforms have been described for human MDM2 (HDM2), some of which may correspond to splicing variants detectable by RT–PCR in many tumors. Upon cellular stress, p53 becomes resistant to MDM2 and, in a feedback loop, up-regulates mdm2 transcription. The physiological relevance of stress-induced mdm2 gene activity is not well understood. We describe a small nuclear RNA of 365 bases comprised of the first five hdm2 exons and lacking polyadenylation. hdm365 precedes full-length hdm2 RNA expression after induction by p53 and accumulates to significant levels in the nucleus, detectable at the site of hdm2 transcription and processing only. Considering a 10-fold lower stability and high steady-state levels of the novel R...
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV), a transactivating lymphotropic retrovirus, is the etiologic agent of enzootic lymphosarcoma or leukemia in cattle. Sera from BLV-infected animals possess high BLV-neutralizing antibody titres. The availability of the recombinant BLV receptor candidate, BLVRcp1, allowed us to determine a mechanism of virus neutralization by polyclonal sera and monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). Bovine sera from animals naturally infected with BLV blocked gp51 binding to recombinant BLVRcp1. In contrast, virus-neutralizing MAbs specific for gp51 F, G, and H epitopes did not prevent gp51-receptor attachment. Furthermore, gp51 neutralization epitopes F, G, and H were accessible to antibodies following gp51 attachment to BLVRcp1. This finding implies that virus neutralization by MAbs to defined BLV gp51 epitopes can occur subsequent ...
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