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Comment: pdf including figures, see: http://www.unibas.ch/phys-meso/Research/Papers/2004/Fano-CVD-SWNT.pdf
We have explored controlled movement of magnetic beads and a dumbbell structure composed of DNA, a magnetic and a non-magnetic bead in a micro fluidic channel. Movement of the beads and dumbbells is simulated assuming that a net force is described as a superposition between the magnetic and hydrodynamic drag forces. Trajectories of beads and dumbbells are observed with optical light microscopy. The experimentally measured data show a good agreement with the simulations. This dynamical approach offers the prospect to stretch the DNA within the dumbbell and investigate its conformational changes. Further on, we demonstrate that short sonication can reduce multiple attachments of DNA to the beads.
Controlled movement and manipulation of magnetic micro- and nanostructures using magnetic forces can give rise to important applications in biomedecine, diagnostics, and immunology. We report controlled magnetophoresis and stretching, in aqueous solution, of a DNA-based dumbbell structure containing magnetic and diamagnetic microspheres. The velocity and stretching of the dumbbell were experimentally measured and correlated with a theoretical model based on the forces acting on individual magnetic beads or the entire dumbbell structures. The results show that precise and predictable manipulation of dumbbell structures is achievable and can potentially be applied to immunomagnetic cell separators. ©2008 American Institute of Physics
Static barcode labels for individual molecules, based on a sequence of fluorescent segments deterministically encoded in a DNA scaffold, are emerging as sensitive tools for direct digital quantification assays, such as RNA transcript profiling. The next generation of digital barcoding will require dynamic single-molecule labels, which can be controllably translocated, stretched, and read serially by an electronic or optical point detector. Towards that goal, structures consisting of a single magnetic and a single non-magnetic particle connected by a DNA-based linker were synthesized at micron (microdumbbells) and submicron (nanodumbells) scales via successive streptavidin-biotin attachments. Visualization of the structures with fluorescent and atomic force microscopy revealed the desired dumbbell morphology, thus demonstrating th...
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