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A erisipela é uma infecção dermo-hipodérmica aguda, não necrosante, geralmente causada pelo estreptococo β–hemolítico do grupo A. Em mais de 80% dos casos situa-se nos membros inferiores e são factores predisponentes a existência de solução de continuidade na pele, o linfedema crónico e a obesidade. O seu diagnóstico é essencialmente clínico e baseia-se na presença de placa inflamatória associada a febre,linfangite, adenopatia e leucocitose. Os exames bacteriológicos têm baixa sensibilidade ou positividade tardia. Nos casos atípicos é importante o diagnóstico diferencial com a fasceíte necrosante e a trombose venosa profunda. A penicilina continua a ser o antibiótico de referência, embora actualmente diversos fármacos, com propriedades farmacodinâmicas mais favoráveis, possam ser utilizados. A recidiva constitui a complicação mais freq...
Abstract Leukemia cutis represents a skin infiltration by leukemic cells. Clinically it can mimic a wide variety of dermatoses. We describe the case of a 64-year-old man with psoriasis who presented with a 4-day history of erythematous, slightly scaly, asymptomatic plaques distributed on the trunk and upper-extremities, and associated asthenia, myalgias, and anorexia. A skin biopsy revealed a leukemic infiltrate. Studies of peripheral blood and bone marrow provided a diagnosis of acute monocytic leukemia. This case report shows the importance of the clinical suspicion for the diagnosis of leukemia.
Rev Port Cardiol. 2006 Apr;25(4):397-406. Myocardial bridging: retrospective analysis and scintigraphic testing of patients with no angiographically significant atherosclerotic coronary disease. [Article in English, Portuguese] Luz A, Silveira J, Palma P, Carvalho HC, Albuquerque A, Amorim I, Gomes L. SourceServiço de Cardiologia, Hospital Geral de Santo António, Porto, Portugal. andre_luz@sapo.pt Abstract INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The clinical relevance of myocardial bridging (MB) is a matter of debate. The objective of this work was to examine its prevalence, clinical presentation, prognosis, and functional features on scintigraphy in a group of patients with no significant atherosclerotic coronary disease. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 7039 consecutive cardiac angiograms performed between January 1994 and December 2004, s...
Introdução: O cancro da próstata é uma importante causa de morbilidade e mortalidade. Em Portugal, de acordo com um estudo publicado em 2003, a taxa de novos casos de cancro na próstata era de 53 por 100.000 homens, em 2000, com uma taxa de mortalidade padronizada pela idade de 28 por 100.000 (em 1995). As metástases ósseas múltiplas são uma das principais complicações associadas ao cancro de próstata avançado. O Samário-EDTMP mostrou ser uma alternativa segura e eficaz no tratamento paliativo da dor associada a metástases ósseas. O objectivo deste estudo económico é avaliar o custo-efectividade do tratamento da dor associada a metástases ósseas múltiplas com Samário-153-EDTMP versus terapêutica convencional da dor, no carcinoma da próstata hormono-refractário, em Portugal. Metodologia: Estudo de custo-efectividade que compara os custo...
Introdução: Os tumores dos anexos cutâneos representam um grupo heterogéneo de neoplasias benignas e malignas com diferentes diferenciações morfológicas. Material e Métodos: Foi efectuado o estudo retrospectivo dos tumores dos anexos cutâneos diagnosticados na consulta externa do Serviço de Dermatologia do Centro Hospitalar do Porto, EPE-HSA entre 2000 a 2009. Resultados: Foram diagnosticados 404 tumores dos anexos cutâneos. Apenas 3% dos tumores eram malignos. A maioria apresentou uma diferenciação (62,6 %) folicular. Discussão: A revisão da literatura mostrou uma escassez de dados relativos a estudos retrospectivos dos tumores dos anexos cutâneos. Mais estudos são necessários para uma melhor caracterização epidemiológica destas entidades.
In Portugal, piroxicam is one of the most prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) and is frequently associated to photosensitivity skin reactions, well known by all dermatologists. The authors review the physiopathology and clinical patterns of this adverse drug reaction. Importance is given to the high prevalence of thimerosal sensitisation in our country, a marker of piroxicam photosensitivity. The authors propose that piroxicam prescription should be avoided in Portugal, as this drug can be substituted by any other NSAID, without marked photosensitivity.
Peripheral nerves have the intrinsic capacity of self-regeneration after traumatic injury but the extent of the regeneration is often very poor. Increasing evidence demonstrates that mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) may play an important role in tissue regeneration through the secretion of soluble trophic factors that enhance and assist in repair by paracrine activation of surrounding cells. In the present study, the therapeutic value of a population of umbilical cord tissue-derived MSCs, obtained by a proprietary method (UCX®), was evaluated on end-to-end rat sciatic nerve repair. Furthermore, in order to promote both, end-to-end nerve fiber contacts and MSC cell-cell interaction, as well as reduce the flush away effect of the cells after administration, a commercially available haemostatic sealant, Floseal®, was used as vehicle....
In peripheral nerves MSCs can modulate Wallerian degeneration and the overall regenerative response by acting through paracrine mechanisms directly on regenerating axons or upon the nerve-supporting Schwann cells. In the present study, the effect of human MSCs from Wharton's jelly (HMSCs), differentiated into neuroglial-like cells associated to poly (DL-lactide-ε-caprolactone) membrane, on nerve regeneration, was evaluated in the neurotmesis injury rat sciatic nerve model. Results in vitro showed successful differentiation of HMSCs into neuroglial-like cells, characterized by expression of specific neuroglial markers confirmed by immunocytochemistry and by RT-PCR and qPCR targeting specific genes expressed. In vivo testing evaluated during the healing period of 20 weeks, showed no evident positive effect of HMSCs or neuroglial-like cel...
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