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We report magneto-transport measurements in wide GaAs quantum wells with tunable density to probe the stability of the fractional quantum Hall effect at filling factor $\nu = $ 5/2 in the vicinity of the crossing between Landau levels (LLs) belonging to the different (symmetric and antisymmetric) electric subbands. When the Fermi energy ($E_F$) lies in the excited-state LL of the symmetric subband, the 5/2 quantum Hall state is surprisingly stable and gets even stronger near this crossing, and then suddenly disappears and turns into a metallic state once $E_F$ moves to the ground-state LL of the antisymmetric subband. The sharpness of this disappearance suggests a first-order transition.
Measurements in very low disorder two-dimensional electrons confined to relatively wide GaAs quantum well samples with tunable density reveal reentrant $\nu=1$ integer quantum Hall states in the lowest Landau level near filling factors $\nu=4/5$ and 6/5. These states are not seen at low densities and become more prominent with increasing density and in wider wells. Our data suggest a close competition between different types of Wigner crystal states near these fillings. We also observe an intriguing disappearance and reemergence of the $\nu=4/5$ fractional quantum Hall effect with increasing density.
Measurements in clean two-dimensional electron systems confined to wide GaAs quantum wells in which two electric subbands are occupied reveal an unexpected rotation of the orientation of the stripe phase observed at a half-filled Landau level. Remarkably, the reorientation is sensitive to the spin of the half-filled Landau level and the symmetry of the charge distribution in the quantum well.
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