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A number of microlensing dark-matter surveys have produced tens of millions of light curves of individual background stars. These data provide an unprecedented opportunity for systematic studies of whole classes of variable stars and their host galaxies. We aim to use the EROS-2 survey of the Magellanic Clouds to detect and study the population of beat Cepheids (BCs) in both Clouds. BCs pulsating simultaneously in the first overtone and fundamental modes (FO/F) or in the second and first overtone modes (SO/FO) are of particular interest. Using special software designed to search for periodic variables, we have scanned the EROS-2 data base for variables in the typical period range of Cepheids. Metallicities of FO/F objects were then calculated from linear nonadiabatic convective stellar models. We identify 74 FO/F BCs in the LMC and 41 ...
We present the Period-Luminosity relations from 290 Cepheids towards the LMC and 590 Cepheids towards the SMC. The two data sets were obtained using the two wide field CCD cameras of the EROS 2 microlensing survey. We observe a significant slope change of the period-luminosity relation for the SMC fundamental mode Cepheids with periods shorter than 2 days. Many possible experimental biases have been investigated, but none can account for this effect. We also observe different spatial distributions for SMC Cepheids with different ages i.e. periods. Different possible explanations of the slope change are discussed.
We apply EROS photometric data to interpret previously published Keck and VLT spectra of the binary-microlens caustic-crossing event EROS-BLG-2000-5. We show that the VLT data imply that the outer ${\sim} 4\%$ of the limb of the K3-giant source is strongly in emission in H$\alpha$, in contradiction to available models of the photosphere. This conflict could be resolved if the integrated H$\alpha$ emission from the chromosphere were equal to 8% of the integrated H$\alpha$ absorption from the source as a whole. These conclusions regarding the extreme limb are almost completely model-independent. We also present a general method for using the photometric data to facilitate direct comparison between the atmospheric model and the spectroscopic data. While this method has some model-dependent features, it is fairly robust and can serve to gu...
We present the results of a massive variability search based on a photometric survey of a six square degree region along the Galactic plane at ($l = 305^\circ$, $b = -0.8^\circ$) and ($l = 330^\circ$, $b = -2.5^\circ$). This survey was performed in the framework of the EROS II (Expérience de Recherche d'Objets Sombres) microlensing program. The variable stars were found among 1,913,576 stars that were monitored between April and June 1998 in two passbands, with an average of 60 measurements. A new period-search technique is proposed which makes use of a statistical variable that characterizes the overall regularity of the flux versus phase diagram. This method is well suited when the photometric data are unevenly distributed in time, as is our case. 1,362 objects whose luminosity varies were selected. Among them we identified 9 Cepheid...
Microlensing event MACHO 97-SMC-1 is one of the rare microlensing events for which the source is a variable star, simply because most variable stars are systematically eliminated from microlensing studies. Using observational data for this event, we show that the intrinsic variability of a microlensed star is a powerful tool to constrain the nature of the lens by breaking the degeneracy between the microlens parallax and the blended light. We also present a statistical test for discriminating the location of the lens based on the \chi^2 contours of the vector \Lambda, the inverse of the projected velocity. We find that while SMC self lensing is somewhat favored over halo lensing, neither location can be ruled out with good confidence.
We report the discovery of two L dwarfs (the new spectral class defined for dwarfs cooler than the M type) in a two-epoch CCD proper motion survey of 413 square degrees, complemented by infrared photometry from DENIS. One of them has a strong lithium line and is therefore a brown dwarf. The other is a common proper motion companion to the mid-M dwarf LHS 102 (GJ 1001), which has a well determined trigonometric parallax. LHS 102B is thus the coolest L dwarf of known distance and luminosity. Its infrared absolute photometry are very well reproduced by the Allard et al DUSTY models.
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