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Studies of mitochondrial DNA sequences in a variety of animals have shown important differences between phyla, including differences in the genetic codes used, and varying constraints on base composition. In that respect, little is known of mites, an important and diversified group. We sequenced a portion (340 nt) of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) encoding gene in twenty species of phytophagous mites belonging to nine genera of the two families #Tetranychidae$ and #Tenuipalpidae$. The mitochondrial genetic code used in mites appeared to be the same as in insects. As is generally also the case in insects, the mite sequences were very rich in A + T (75% on average), especially at the third codon position (94%). However, important variations of base composition were observed among mite species, one of them showing as little as 69%...
The aqueous solution properties of amphiphilic tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) end-functionalized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) derivative 1 have been studied. Fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and differential scanning calorimetry (Nano-DSC) were used to monitor the temperature-induced micellization and showed that 1 underwent two successive phase transitions corresponding to unimer-to-micelle and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) transitions, respectively. We have investigated the complexation properties of the TTF unit toward cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) or the randomly methylated β-cyclodextrin (RAMEB) to manipulate the amphiphilicity of 1 and to control the unimer-to-micelle phase transition by forming pseudorotaxane-like architectures. For the RAMEB comple...
In this article, we report the formation of micelles from a tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) end-functionalized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (poly(NIPAM)) derivative (1). We have determined the critical aggregation concentration (CAC) and average diameter of the micelles using fluorescence spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering experiments, respectively. We have exploited the NIPAM backbone of the polymer to thermally transform the swollen hydrophilic poly(NIPAM) derivative to a more globular hydrophobic state at the lower critical solution temperature (LCST). Finally, we have shown that we can exploit the chemical oxidation and complexation properties of the TTF unit to disrupt the micelle architecture to release the hydrophobic dye Nile Red from the interior of the micelle.
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