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We investigate the low-lying excitations of a weakly-interacting, harmonically-trapped Bose-Einstein condensed gas under rotation, in the limit where the angular mometum $L$ of the system is much less than the number of the atoms $N$ in the trap. We show that in the asymptotic limit $N \to \infty$ the excitation energy, measured from the energy of the lowest state, is given by $27 N_{3}(N_{3}-1) v_0 /68$, where $N_{3}$ is the number of octupole excitations and $v_{0}$ is the unit of the interaction energy.
Comment: 15 pages, written in plain TeX, Preprint OUTP-93-42S (University of Oxford), to appear in Phys. Rev. B
Comment: 4 pages, RevTex, 2 figures available on request (wester@mit.edu)
Iron sesquilayers grown at room temperature on W(110) exhibit a pronounced coercivity maximum near a coverage of 1.5 atomic monolayers. On lattices which faithfully reproduce the morphology of the real films, a kinetic Ising model is utilized to simulate the domain-wall motion. Simulations reveal that the dynamics is dominated by the second-layer islands, which act as pinning centers. The simulated dependencies of the coercivity on the film coverage, as well as on the temperature and the frequency of the applied field, are very similar to those measured in experiments. Unlike previous micromagnetic models, the presented approach provides insight into the dynamics of the domain-wall motion and clearly reveals the role of thermal fluctuations.
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