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Graphitic nanostructures, e.g. carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphene, have been proposed as ideal materials for spin conduction[1-7]; they have long electronic mean free paths[8] and small spin-orbit coupling[9], hence are expected to have very long spin-scattering times. In addition, spin injection and detection in graphene opens new opportunities to study exotic electronic states such as the quantum Hall[10,11] and quantum spin Hall[9] states, and spin-polarized edge states[12] in graphene ribbons. Here we perform the first non-local four-probe experiments[13] on graphene contacted by ferromagnetic Permalloy electrodes. We observe sharp switching and often sign-reversal of the non-local resistance at the coercive field of the electrodes, indicating definitively the presence of a spin current between injector and detector. The non-loc...
Generalized Dorokhov-Mello-Pereyra-Kumar (GDMPK) equation [K. A. Muttalib and J. R. Klauder, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 82}, 4272 (1999)] has been proposed for the description of the electron transport in strongly localized systems. We develop an algorithm for the numerical solution of this equation and confirm that GDMPK equation correctly describes the critical and localized regimes. Contrary to the original DMPK equation, the generalized one contains also an information about the dimension of the system. In particular, it distinguishes between the two and the three dimensional models with the same number of transmission channels.
Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, corrected version (Figs.2 and 3)
The specific band structure of graphene, with its unique valley structure and Dirac neutrality point separating hole states from electron states has led to the observation of new electronic transport phenomena such as anomalously quantized Hall effects, absence of weak localization and the existence of a minimum conductivity. In addition to dissipative transport also supercurrent transport has already been observed. It has also been suggested that graphene might be a promising material for spintronics and related applications, such as the realization of spin qubits, due to the low intrinsic spin orbit interaction, as well as the low hyperfine interaction of the electron spins with the carbon nuclei. As a first step in the direction of graphene spintronics and spin qubits we report the observation of spin transport, as well as Larmor ...
Comment: 14 pages, 3 figures, RevTex4 preprint format, to appear in Phys. Rev. B
Comment: 7 pages, 7 figures, replaced with considerably extended new version
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