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The magnetic field-dependent longitudinal and Hall components of the resistivity rho_xx(H) and rho_xy(H) are measured in graphene on silicon dioxide substrates at temperatures from 1.6 K to room temperature. At charge densities near the charge-neutrality point rho_xx(H) is strongly enhanced and rho_xy(H) is suppressed, indicating nearly equal electron and hole contributions to the transport current. The data are inconsistent with uniformly distributed electron and hole concentrations (two-fluid model) but in excellent agreement with the recent theoretical prediction for inhomogeneously distributed electron and hole regions of equal mobility. At low temperatures and high magnetic fields rho_xx(H) saturates to a value ~h/e^2, with Hall conductivity << e^2/h, which may indicate a regime of localized v = 2 and v = -2 quantum Hall puddles.
We propose a topological quantum phase transition for quantum states with different Berry phases in hole-doped III-V semiconductor quantum wells with bulk and structure inversion asymmetry. The Berry phase of the occupied Bloch states can be characteristic of topological metallic states. It is found that the adjustment of thickness of the quantum well may cause a transition of Berry phase in two-dimensional hole gas. Correspondingly, the jump of spin Hall conductivity accompanies the change of the Berry phase. This property is robust against the impurity potentials in the system. Experimental detection of this topological quantum phase transition is discussed.
Comment: published in 2004, posted here for general accessability
We present calculations of the frequency-dependent spin susceptibility tensor of a two-dimensional electron gas with competing Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interaction. It is shown that the interplay between both types of spin-orbit coupling gives rise to an anisotropic spectral behavior of the spin density response function which is significantly different from that of vanishing Rashba or Dresselhaus case. Strong resonances are developed in the spin susceptibility as a consequence of the angular anisotropy of the energy spin-splitting. This characteristic optical modulable response may be useful to experimentally probe spin accumulation and spin density currents in such systems.
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