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We study plasma effects in a micromachined high-electron mobility transistor (HEMT) with the microcantilever serving as the gate using the developed a model. The model accounts for mechanical motion of the microcantilever and spatio-temporal variations (plasma effects) of the two-dimensional electron gas(2DEG) system in the transistor channel. The microcantilever mechanical motion is described in the point-mass approximation. The hydrodynamic electron transport model is used to describe distributed electron plasma phenomena in the 2DEG system. Using the developed model, we calculated the response function characterizing the amplitude microcantilever oscillations and the output electric signal as functions of the signal frequency and the bias voltage for the devices with different parameters. We find the voltage dependences of the fre...
Linearly polarized light tuned slightly below the optical transition of the negatively charged exciton (trion) in a single quantum dot causes the spontaneous nuclear spin polarization (self-polarization) at a level close to 100%. The effective magnetic field of spin-polarized nuclei brings the optical transition energy into resonance with photon energy. The resonantly enhanced Overhauser effect sustains the stability of the nuclear self-polarization even in the absence of spin polarization of the quantum dot electron. As a result the optically selected single quantum dot represents a tiny magnet with the ferromagnetic ordering of nuclear spins - the nuclear spin nanomagnet.
Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures, submitted: in addition to the results published in Phys. Rev. B, 75, 153309 (2007), this paper contains a more thorough discussion on the used transport formalism, studies of asymmetric couplings to the substrate, and discussion of non-resonant levels. The non-resonant case is related to spin-dependent tunneling
The orbital magnetism is studied in graphene monolayer within the effective mass approximation. In models of short-range and long-range disorder, the magnetization is calculated with self-consistent Born approximation. In the zero-field limit, the susceptibility becomes highly diamagnetic around zero energy, while it has a long tail proportional to the inverse of the Fermi energy. We demonstrated how the magnetic oscillation vanishes and converges to the susceptibility, on going from a strong-field regime to zero-field. The behavior at zero energy is shown to be highly singular.
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