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The chemical composition of the interstellar medium is determined by gas phase chemistry, assisted by grain surface reactions, and by shock chemistry. The aim of this study is to measure the abundance of the hydroxyl radical (OH) in diffuse spiral arm clouds as a contribution to our understanding of the underlying network of chemical reactions. Owing to their high critical density, the ground states of light hydrides provide a tool to directly estimate column densities by means of absorption spectroscopy against bright background sources. We observed onboard the SOFIA observatory the 2Pi3/2, J = 5/2 3/2 2.5 THz line of ground-state OH in the diffuse clouds of the Carina-Sagittarius spiral arm. OH column densities in the spiral arm clouds along the sightlines to W49N, W51 and G34.26+0.15 were found to be of the order of 10^14 cm^-2, w...
Comment: 2 pages, 1 figure. To appear in the proceedings of the conference "Assembling the Puzzle of the Milky Way", Le Grand-Bornand 17-22 April 2011, European Physical Journal, editors C. Reyl\'e, A. Robin and M. Schultheis
Comment: 13 pages. Invited review to appear in Pramana - journal of physics (Indian Academy of Sciences)
Comment: 5 pages including 4 figures, to appear in ApJ Letters
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