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The problem of interest here is the analysis of chemically reacting flow inside of supersonic ramjet combustors. Two key parameters need to be determined: mixing/combustion efficiency and kinetic energy efficiency. In order to determine these parameters, several potential loss mechanisms must be modeled correctly, including mixing, shear, turbulence, vorticity, shock waves, heat transfer, fuel injector drag, poor wall pressure integral, and chemical dissociation. This document discusses k-epsilon turbulence models for use in the RPLUS code for numerical modeling of combustor flow fields.
The first chapter is introduction and Chapter 2 proposes formal frameworks for identifiability and testability of structural features allowing for set identification. The results in Chapter 2 are used in other chapters. The second section of Chapter 3, Chapter 4 and Chapter 5 contain new results. Chapter 3 has two sections. The first section introduces the quantile-based control function approach (QCFA) proposed by Chesher (2003) to compare and contrast other results in Chapter 4 and 5. The second section contains new findings on the local endogeneity bias and testability of endogeneity. Chapter 4 assumes that the structural relations are differentiable and applies the QCFA to several models for discrete outcomes. Chapter 4 reports point identification results of partial derivatives with respect to a continuously varying endogenous var...
Analysis discusses STACOM (state criminal justic communication) network topology program used to design and evaluate digital telecommunications networks STACOM employs ESAU-WILLIAMS technique to search for direct links between system terminations and regional switching center. Inputs include traffic data, terminal locations, and functional requirements.
Possible meteorological effects arising from the existence and operations of a solar power satellite (SPS) system rectenna are examined. Analysis and model simulations in some chosen site situations and meteorological conditions indicate that the meteorological effects of the construction and operation of a rectenna are small, particularly outside the boundary of the structure. From weather and climate points of view, installation of an SPS rectenna seems likely to have effects comparable with those due to other nonindustrial land use changes covering the same area. The absorption and scattering of microwave radiation in the troposphere would have negligible atmospheric effects.
The principal concerns about inadvertent weather modification by the solar power satellite system rocket effluents are discussed, namely the possibility that the ground cloud might temporarily modify local weather and the cumulative effects of nearly 500 launches per year. These issues are discussed through the consideration of (1) the possible alteration of the microphysical processes of clouds in the general area due to rocket effluents and debris and cooling water entrained during the launch and (2) the direct dynamical and thermodynamical responses to the inputs of thermal energy and moisture from the rocket exhaust for given ambient meteorological conditions. The huge amount of thermal energy contained in the exhaust of the proposed launch vehicle would in some situations induce a saturated, wet convective cloud or enhance an exis...
A numerical study was conducted to evaluate the performance of wall mounted fuel-injectors designed for potential Supersonic Combustion Ramjet (SCRAM-jet) engine applications. The focus of this investigation was to numerically simulate existing combustor designs for the purpose of validating the numerical technique and the physical models developed. Three different injector designs of varying complexity were studied to fully understand the computational implications involved in accurate predictions. A dual transverse injection system and two streamwise injector designs were studied. The streamwise injectors were designed with swept ramps to enhance fuel-air mixing and combustion characteristics at supersonic speeds without the large flow blockage and drag contribution of the transverse injection system. For this study, the Mass-Average...
A generalized flow solver using an implicit Lower-upper (LU) diagonal decomposition based numerical technique has been coupled with three low-Reynolds number kappa-epsilon models for analysis of problems with engineering applications. The feasibility of using the LU technique to obtain efficient solutions to supersonic problems using the kappa-epsilon model has been demonstrated. The flow solver is then used to explore limitations and convergence characteristics of several popular two equation turbulence models. Several changes to the LU solver have been made to improve the efficiency of turbulent flow predictions. In general, the low-Reynolds number kappa-epsilon models are easier to implement than the models with wall-functions, but require much finer near-wall grid to accurately resolve the physics. The three kappa-epsilon models us...
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