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Comment: Talk from the 2003 Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP03), La Jolla, Ca, USA, March 2003, 6 pages, LaTeX, 3 eps
We present first measurements of charged and neutral particle-flow correlations in pp collisions using the ATLAS calorimeters. Data were collected in 2009 and 2010 at centre-of-mass energies of 900 GeV and 7 TeV. Events were selected using a minimum-bias trigger which required a charged particle in scintillation counters on either side of the interaction point. Particle flows, sensitive to the underlying event, are measured using clusters of energy in the ATLAS calorimeters, taking advantage of their fine granularity. No Monte Carlo generator used in this analysis can accurately describe the measurements. The results are independent of those based on charged particles measured by the ATLAS tracking systems and can be used to constrain the parameters of Monte Carlo generators.
A system based on ROOT for handling the micro-DST of the BaBar experiment is described. The purpose of the Kanga system is to have micro-DST data available in a format well suited for data distribution within a world-wide collaboration with many small sites. The design requirements, implementation and experience in practice after three years of data taking by the BaBar experiment are presented.
We present an evaluation of the European Data Grid software in the framework of the BaBar experiment. Two kinds of applications have been considered: first, a typical data analysis on real data producing physics n-tuples, and second, a distributed Monte-Carlo production on a computational grid. Both applications will be crucial in a near future in order to make an optimal use of the distributed computing resources available throughout the collaboration.
The BaBar experiment has been taking data since 1999. In 2001 the computing group started to evaluate the possibility to evolve toward a distributed computing model in a grid environment. We built a prototype system, based on the European Data Grid (EDG), to submit full-scale analysis and Monte Carlo simulation jobs. Computing elements, storage elements, and worker nodes have been installed at SLAC and at various European sites. A BaBar virtual organization (VO) and a test replica catalog (RC) are maintained in Manchester, U.K., and the experiment is using three EDG testbed resource brokers in the U.K. and in Italy. First analysis tests were performed under the assumption that a standard BaBar software release was available at the grid target sites, using RC to register information about the executable and the produced n-tuples. Hundre...
The branching ratio for the leptonic decay of charged B mesons (B- → tau (-)[([nu])over bar](tau)) has been measured using selected leptonic tau (-) → l(-)nu (tau)[([nu])over bar](l) and hadronic tau (-) → nu X-tau decays in Z → b (b) over bar decays recorded by DELPHI at LEP1 in 1992-1995. The result, BR(B- → tau (-)[([nu])over bar](tau)) lt 1.1 x 10(-3) at the 90% confidence level, is consistent with standard model expectations and puts a constraint on the ratio tan [beta]/MH+/- lt 0.46 (GeV/c(2))(-1) in the framework of models with two Higgs doublets (type II Higgs doublet model). From the missing energy distribution in Z → b (b) over bar decays without identified leptons, the b → tau[([nu])over bar]X-tau branching ratio has been measured in the hadronic channel tau - → nu X-tau'. The result, BR(b → tau[([nu])over bar]X-tau) = (...
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